Constituted on the inactive list as 1st Transport Group on 1 Oct
Consolidated with the 10th Observation Group (which had been constituted on
the inactive list on 1 Oct 1933), redesignated 10th Transport Group, and
activated, on 20 May 1937. Trained with C-27's and C-33's. As part of the
logistic organization, assigned first to Office of Chief of the Air Corps and
later (1941) to Air Service Command, the group transported supplies, materiel,
and personnel within the US. Assigned to Air Transport Command (later I Troop
Carrier Command) in Apr 1942. Redesignated 10th Troop Carrier Group in Jul
1942. Converted to C-47's. Trained cadres for troop carrier groups and in
1943 was given the additional duty of training replacement crews. Disbanded
on 14 Apr 1944.
Squadrons. 1st: 1937-1943. 2d: 1937-1943. 3d: 1937-1940.
1937-1940. 5th: 1937-1944. 27th: 1942-1943, 1943-1944. 38th: 1942-1944.
307th: 1943-1944. 308th: 1943-1944.
Stations. Patterson Field, Ohio, 20 May 1937; Wright Field, Ohio, 20
1938; Patterson Field, Ohio, 17 Jan 1941; General Billy Mitchell Field, Wis,
25 May 1942; Pope Field, NC, 4 Oct 1942; Dunnellon AAFld, Fla, 13 Feb 1943;
Lawson Field, Ga, 30 Nov 1943; Grenada AAFld, Miss, 21 Jan 1944; Alliance
AAFld, Neb, 8 Mar-14 Apr 1944.
Commanders. Maj Hugh A Bevins, May 1937; Capt Lyman Whitten, Jun
Maj Fred Borum, 1939; Capt Murray E Woodbury, Jan 1941; Capt Theodore Q Graff,
2 Sep 1941; Capt Maurice Beach, 1 Apr 1942; Maj Loren Cornell, 1 Aug 1942; Maj
Douglas M Swisher, 30 Aug 1942; Lt Col Boyd R Ertwine, 25 Oct 1942; Lt Col
Erickson S Nichols, 28 Jan 1943; Lt Col Henry P King, 12 May 1943-14 Apr 1944.
Campaigns. American Theater.
Insigne. Shield: Azure, ten bendlets or surmounted by a
fimbriated of the second charged with a wheel winged bend sinisterwise of the
like. Motto: Alatum Servitium - Winged Service. (Approved 9 Dec 1941.)
Data from Air Force Combat Units of World War II By Maurer, Maurer, Published 1986