Constituted as 49th Bombardment Operational Training Wing (Medium) on 17 Mar 1943 and activated on 31 Mar. Redesignated 49th Bombardment Wing (Medium) in Oct 1943, and 49th Bombardment Wing (Heavy) in Dec. Moved to Italy (Feb-Apr 1944) where groups were assigned. Operated with Fifteenth AF in the Mediterranean and European theaters from Apr 1944 until May 1945. Inactivated in Italy on 16 Oct 1945.
Redesignated 49th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy). Allotted to the reserve. Activated in the US on 20 Dec 1946. Redesignated 49th Air Division (Bombardment) in Apr 1948. Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949.
Redesignated 49th Air Division. Activated on 7 Nov 1951. Assigned to Tactical Air Command. Redesignated 49th Air Division (Operational) in Apr 1952. Moved to England, May-Jun 1952, and assigned to United States Air Forces in Europe. No combat elements were assigned but wings were attached for operations.
Groups. 100th: 1946-1949. 380th: 1946-1949. 451st: 1944-1945. 461st: 1944-1945. 484th: 1944-1945.
Stations. Columbia AAB, SC, 31 Mar 1943; Greenville AAB, SC, c. 28 Apr 1943-2 Feb 1944; Italy, Apr 1944-16 Oct 1945. Miami AAFld, Fla, 20 Dec 1946-27 Jul 1949. Langley AFB, Va, 7 Nov 1951-May 1952; Sculthorpe RAF Station, England, Jun 1952-.
Commanders. Brig Gen William L Lee, c. 31 Mar 1943; Col Robert F Worden, 4 Aug-c. Oct 1945. Col James D Jones, 7 Nov 1951; Brig Gen John D Stevenson, Feb 1952; Brig Gen James F Whisenand, 26 Feb 1955-.
Campaigns. Air Combat, EAME Theater; Air Offensive, Europe; Rome-Arno; Normandy; Northern France; Southern France; North Apennines; Rhineland; Central Europe; Po Valley.
Insigne. Shield: Quarterly argent and sable, rising from base the outline of a atomic cloud counterchanged, overall lightning flash issuing from sinister chief and striking to dexter base or. (Approved 23 Dec 1953.)
Data from Air Force Combat Units of World War II By Maurer, Maurer, Published 1986