10th Reconnaissance Group
Constituted as 73rd Observation Group on 21 Aug 1941. Activated on 1
1941. Engaged in training activities, participating in the
Maneuvers in 1943. Redesignated 73rd Reconnaissance Group in
Apr 1943, 73rd
Tactical Reconnaissance Group in Aug 1943, and 10th
(Reconnaissance) in Dec 1943. Moved to the European
theater, Jan-Feb 1944,
for duty with Ninth AF. Used F-3, F-5, F-6, L-1,
L-4, and L-5 aircraft for
operations, Feb 1944-May 1945. Photographed
airfields, coastal defenses, and
ports, and made bomb-damage assessment
photographs of airfields, marshalling
yards, bridges, and other
targets, in preparation for the Normandy invasion;
received a DUC for
flying at low altitude to photograph the coast from
Dunkirk and from Le Touquet to St-Vaast-la-Hougue, 6-20 May
Supported the invasion in Jun by making visual and
reconnaissance of bridges, artillery, road and railroad
centers, airfields, and other targets. Assisted the
Allied drive toward the
German border during the summer and early fall
of 1944 by flying daylight and
night photographic missions; also
performed tactical reconnaissance for ground
and air units, directing
artillery to enemy positions and fighter-bombers to
Aided Third Army and other Allied organizations in the
battle to breach
the Siegfried Line, Sep-Dec 1944. Participated in the Battle
Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945, by flying reconnaissance missions in
combat zone. From Feb 1945 to V-E Day, assisted the advance of
across the Rhine, to Czechoslovakia, and into Austria.
Remained in Germany
after the war as part of the army of occupation,
being assigned to United
States Air Forces in Europe. Redesignated 10th
Reconnaissance Group in Jun
1945. Transferred, without personnel and
equipment, to the US in Jun 1947.
Remanned and equipped with RF-51's.
Redesignated 10th Tactical Reconnaissance
Group in Jun 1948.
Inactivated on 1 Apr 1949.
Activated in Germany on 10 Jul 1952. Assigned to United States
Forces in Europe. Equipped with RB-26, RB-57, RF-80, and RF-84
Squadrons. 1st: 1945-1949; 1952-. 12th: 1941-1942, 1944-1946.
1943. 15th (formerly Observation): 1942-1943, 1944-1945,
(formerly Photographic): 1947. 16th: 1941-1942. 22d:
1944. 31st: 1944-1945. 32d: 1952-. 33d: 1944. 34th:
1944, 1945. 36th
(formerly 28th): 1942-1943. 38th: 1952-. 39th: 1945.
42d: 1952-. 91st:
1941-1942, 1942-1943. 111th: 1945. 152d: 1943. 155th
later 45th): 1944-1945, 1945-1947. 160th: 1945-1947.
Stations. Harrisburg, Pa, 1 Sep 1941; Godman Field, Ky, c. 7 Nov
Camp Campbell AAFld Ky c. 23 Jun 1943; Key Field, Miss, Nov
Chalgrove, England, Feb 1944; Rennes/St-Jacques, France,
c. 11 Aug 1944;
Chateau-dun, France, c. 24 Aug 1944;
St-Dizier/Robinson, France Sep 1944;
Conflans/Doncourt, France, Nov
1944; Trier/Evren, Germany, Mar 1945; Ober Olm,
Germany, c. 5 Apr 1945;
Furth, Germany, c. 28 Apr 1945; Furstenfeldbruck,
1947; Langley Field, Va, 25 Jun 1947; Lawson Field, Ga, c. 8
Pope Field, NC, 27 Sep 1947-1 Apr 1949. Furstenfeldbruck AB,
10 Jul 1952; Toul/Rosiere AB, France, Nov 1952; Spangdahlem
Germany, May 1953-.
Commanders. Maj Edgar M Scattergood Jr, 1 Sep 1941; Lt Col John
Kennedy, c. 6 Nov 1941; Capt Phillip H Hatch, c. 24 Jan 1942; Lt Col
Lee, c. 9 Feb 1942; Maj Burton L Austin, c. 26 Dec 1942; Lt
Col Bernard C
Rose, c. 19 Jan 1943; Lt Col Crawford H Hollidge, c. 28
Jan 1943; Maj William
A Daniel, c. 4 Aug 1943; Col William B Reed, 9
Sep 1943; Col Russell A Berg,
20 Jun 1944-unkn; Lt Col W D Hayes Jr,
1945; Col Marvin S Zipp, 11 Jan 1946-19
Jun 1947; Lt Col James L Rose,
1 Oct 1947; Lt Col Harrison R Christy Jr, 16
Dec 1947; Lt Col Edward O
McComas, 6 Jan 1948; Col William A Daniel, 26 Jan
1948-unkn. Lt Col
Barnie B McEntire Jr, 10 Jul 1952; Col Willie O Jackson Jr,
Lt Col Steven R Wilkerson, c. 22 Sep 1953; Col Howard Withycombe,
Feb 1954; Col Arthur E Smith, 13 Jul 1954; Col Fred W Dyer, c. 23
Campaigns. American Theater; Air Offensive, Europe; Normandy;
France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe.
Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citation: France, 6-20 May 1944.
Insigne. Shield: Azure a sphere or, latitude and longitude lines
in chief the head and arms of the Greek mythical god Argus, head
arms fesswise both hands toward dexter of the second,
outlined of the field.
Motto: Argus - Ceaseless Watch. (Approved 29 Dec
Data from Air Force Combat Units of World War II By Maurer, Maurer, Published 1986